Present Perfect

On this page you can choose to read, listen, or practise the present perfect. First you will see the written part, followed by a photo. Then there is a video which is followed by exercises. It is up to you what you prefer to use. 

The present perfect is a tense that shows an action or event that occured at a time in the past or an action or event that began in the past and is continuing now in the present time. 

There are three major times in which to use the present perfect:

  • From past until now: I’ve lived in Franeker for 10 years. 
  • life experience: I’ve visited Germany and Belgium
  • Recent past events that influence the time now: I’ve finished my homework

You make the present perfect by: has/have + past participle (voltooid deelwoord)

Postive sentence:

he/she/it + has + past participle (voltooid deelwoord, het 3e rijtje)

I/you/we/you/they + have + past participle (voltooid deelwoord, het 3e rijtje)

  • She has watched the film already
  • I have watched this film too.
  • They have lived here all their lives.

Negative sentence

he/she/it + has not (hasn’t) + past participle (voltooid deelwoord, het 3e rijtje)

I/you/we/you/they + have not (haven’t) + past participle (voltooid deelwoord, het 3e rijtje)

  • She hasn’t watched the film already
  • I haven’t watched this film.
  • They haven’t lived here all their lives.

Question

Has + he/she/it + past participle (voltooid deelwoord, 3e rijtje)

Have + I/you/we/you/they + past participle ( voltooid deelwoord, 3e rijtje)

  • Has she watched the film already?
  • Have I watched this film?
  • Have they  lived here all their lives?